From the massive, multicultural Toronto to the predominantly French-speaking Montreal and Quebec City, Vancouver, Halifax and the capital city of Ottowa, Canada is not short of vibrant cities. But it isn’t only the cities that make Canada as magical as it is, crossed by the Rocky Mountains and home to vast areas of protected wilderness whilst being surrounded by the Northern Pacific Ocean, Arctic Ocean and North Atlantic Ocean, travellers to Canada are spoiled with choice of unexpected wonders that are sure to awaken their inner explorer. Our Work Experience Programmes will give you the opportunity not only to gain new practical working skills but also to experience Canada as you would never have dreamed of.
Canada is a country, consisting of ten provinces and three territories, in the northern part of the continent of North America. It extends from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean. Canada’s common border with the United States forms the world’s longest land border.
Religion: Predominantly Christian
Currency: Canadian Dollar
Population: 35.7 million
Official Language: English and French. There are also some recognised regional languages: Chipewyan; Cree; Gwich’in; Inuinnaqtun; Inuktitut; Inuvialuktun; North Slavey; South Slavey and Tłı̨chǫ.
Did you know:
- You can view the Northern Lights from Canada? The best time to go and see this phenomenon is between the dark months of November through to March. Some companies offer truly magical experiences, such as going out in sleds pulled by Alaskan huskies.
- Canada has some magnificent wildlife living here? Bison, polar bears, moose, black bears, beluga whales and wolves to name but a few.
- Niagara Falls tops the list of waterfall lovers from around the world? And did you also know that you can actually go below the rim of the gorge? After descending 45 metres through bedrock, you will find yourself right into the heart of the falls behind a massive sheet of water. Over 2,800 cubic m of water plunges over the Horseshoe Falls every second, travelling 65 km per hour, free-falling more than 13 storeys before crashing down in the basin below.
- In Ontario they harvest frozen grapes to produce the very famous Canadian ice wine!
- The Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Labrador are three breeds of dogs named after Canadian provinces.
- Canada is the second largest country on earth.
Canada has six different time zones, from East to West they are:
- Newfoundland Time Zone: GMT/UTC– 3.5 hours
- Atlantic Time Zone: GMT/UTC – 4 hours
- Eastern Time Zone: GMT/UTC – 5 hours
- Central Time Zone: GMT/UTC – 6 hours
- Mountain Time Zone: GMT/UTC – 7 hours
- Pacific Time Zone: GMT/UTC – 8 hours
Daylight Saving Time is in effect in Canada (except Saskatchewan) from the second Sunday of March to the first Sunday of November. Saskatchewan observes Standard Time year-round.
Canada has several major international airports. From Ireland you can fly to most of these airports, though some might involve connecting flights. Certain major airlines operate direct flights to Toronto and Montreal as well as to Vancouver, Winnipeg, Regina and Calgary with a stop on the way. Talk to your outbound travel coordinator about flight options and travel within Canada.
Due to the vastness of Canada, its climate varies considerably depending on where you are. From permafrost in the north to four distinct seasons towards the equator where temperatures can climb up to 35 degrees Celsius in the summer and descend to -25 degrees Celsius during winter. In southern Ontario and Quebec, it can often be very humid.
Summer thunderstorms are fairly frequent in most parts of Canada, with some becoming severe. May to September is the prime tornado months with the peak season in June and early July. Listen to local weather bulletins to keep up to date on weather warnings.
During the wintertime, be aware of snow storms and avalanches and remember to travel safely as winter driving conditions may be treacherous. In southwest British Columbia (around Victoria and Vancouver), rain is more common in winter than snow.
Canada has two official languages: English and French.
Originally the “French Canadians” were the descendants of French settlers and include Acadians, Quebecers and people in smaller French-speaking communities across Canada. Most “English Canadians” are descendants of English, Welsh, Scottish and Irish settlers, soldiers and migrants who came to Canada from the 17th to the 20th century.
Take a look at the Canadian Tourism website for more information before you leave Ireland: https://www.canada.travel/